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Apache: protect with username and password a web path

First of all in the apache config make sure you can Override the configuration with the hidden .htaccess files. In this example config I replaced AllowOverride None to AllowOverride All

<Directory "/srv/http">
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # for more information.
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #AllowOverride None
    AllowOverride All 

    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all


Restart apache if you change the apache configuration.

Now in the directory you want to protect create the hidden .htaccess file, here my example:

[root@alarm ~]# cat /srv/http/.htaccess 
AuthType basic
AuthName REALM
AuthUserFile /etc/apachepwd
Require valid-user

[root@alarm ~]# 

To create users in the apachepwd file use the command htpasswd

htpasswd /etc/apachepwd myusername